Hoyle’s intuition was to contextualise a good card game conceiving it as a social vehicle with deep moral significance.And this is still today the main reason for the success of the game.Aside from playing social bridge with friends you might join a bridge club.That could lead to you participating in tournaments, both at home and around the world.The game is still individual and only in 1873, in Buyukdere on the Bosphorous “Whist-bridge” is introduced, like the modern version with four players in two competing couples.At the same time, in the Middle East, a similar game of Russian origin, “Biritch” included in the whist-bridge category gains popularity.The effect of doubling is to increase the scoring value should the doubled bid become the final contract.
In the first phase the partnerships use the bidding to determine which player will be the declarer and how many tricks he or she must win with the chosen trump suit (or without trumps if desired).
The game began to attract also the more privileged classes and its success grew to the extent that in 1742 Sir Edmond Hoyle codified it with specific rules in his “Short Treatise”, published in London, on the game’s technique.
The popularity became such that the expression “according to Hoyle” became synonymous of exemplary conduct even beyond the card game.
For bidding purposes notrump is the highest rank, followed by spades, hearts, diamonds and clubs.
There are 35 possible bids, from 1♣ (lowest) through 7NT (highest).
Having shuffled the pack the cards are dealt clockwise, one at a time until each player has 13 cards, after which the bidding phase begins.