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Different ethnic groups live in specific environments.The Anglo-African-Caribbean "Bay Islanders" live on the Bay Islands off the north coast.In 1797, the Garífuna were forcibly exiled by the British to Roatán in the Bay Islands.The Spanish colonial authorities welcomed the Garífuna, and most of them moved to the mainland.
The Jicaque are a native people who live in the department of Yoro and the community of Montaña de la Flor (municipality of Orica) in the department of Francisco Morazán.The Garífuna people live along the Caribbean Coast of Central America, from Belize to Nicaragua.The Miskito and Tawahka people live in the rain forests of the eastern lowlands, and in similar lands in neighboring areas of Nicaragua.Hispanic-Hondurans live in the north, south, and center of the country. The pre-Hispanic population was probably much higher, but conquest, slavery, and disease killed many people.The capital city, Tegucigalpa, was chosen because it is near the geographic center of the country. The population did not reach one million until 1940.
There are about nineteen thousand Jicaque in Yoro and about two hundred in Montaña de la Flor.